Japanese Education in the 21st Century
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ALT Assistant Language Teacher
AS Asahi Shinbun (Asahi Newspaper)
BLL  Buraku Liberation League
CIR Coordinator for International Relations
DOE U.S. Department of Education
ESL English as Second Language
GAO U.S. General Accounting Office
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GHQ The General Headquarters (of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers)
IEP Individualized Education Program
IQ Intelligence Quotient
JCP Japan Communist Party
JET Japan Exchange and Teaching
JSP Japan Socialist Party; since 1996, the Social Democratic Party of Japan
JTU Japan Teachers’ Union
LD Learning Disabilities
LDP Liberal Democrat Party
LEP Limited English Proficiency
MKS Mainichi Kazoku Shinbun (Mainichi Family Newspaper)
MOE Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture.  Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (since January 2001)
MOFA Ministry of Foreign Affairs
NCEE National Commission on Excellence in Education
NCER National Council on Educational Reform (Rinji kyōiku shingikai or Rinkyōshin for short)
NCES National Center for Education Statistics
NPO Nonprofit organization
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
PTA Parent-Teacher Association
SML Special Measures Law for Assimilation Projects
SSM Social Stratification and Social Mobility
TIMSS Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNICEF United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
YS Yomiuri Shinbun (Yomiuri Newspaper)

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